Shimla, Nov. 3 Keekli Bureau

This Day in History

2016

After trailing in the series 3–1, the Chicago Cubs defeated the Cleveland Indians to capture the franchise’s first World Series title in 108 years; the extra-inning game seven—which was interrupted by a rain delay—had started November 2 but went into the early hours of November 3.

2014

One World Trade Center opened in New York City on the site of the former World Trade Center complex, which had been largely destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks.

1998

American cartoonist Bob Kane, who created (with Bill Finger) the comic-book characters Batman and Robin, died in Los Angeles.

1992

Democratic politician Carol Moseley Braun became the first African American woman elected to the U.S. Senate.

1978

Dominica achieved full independence, with Patrick Roland John as its first prime minister.

1957

The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, which carried the dog Laika, the first living creature to be shot into space and orbit Earth.

1949

British editor Anna Wintour—who, as the longtime editor of American Vogue, became one of the most powerful figures in fashion—was born.

1916

Playwright Eugene O’Neill made his New York City debut with the one-act play Bound East for Cardiff.

1903

Influenced by Philippe-Jean Bunau-Varilla and U.S. interests, a revolutionary junta proclaimed Panamanian independence from Colombia.

1903

American photographer Walker Evans, whose best-known images show quotidian American life during the second quarter of the 20th century, was born.

1793

French social reformer and feminist Olympe de Gouges—who challenged conventional views on a number of matters, especially the role of women as citizens—was executed by guillotine.

1793

Stephen Austin, founder of the principal settlements of English-speaking people in Texas in the 1820s, when that territory was still part of Mexico, was born.

1295

Maḥmūd Ghāzān, the most prominent of the Il-Khans (a Mongol dynasty) to rule Iran, was formally enthroned.

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