Princess Margaret—who, as King George VI’s second daughter and the younger sister of Queen Elizabeth II, struggled to balance her independent spirit with her duties as a member of Britain’s royal family—died in London.
German physicist Peter Armbruster and his team of scientists synthesized chemical element 112, a heavy transuranium element that was later named copernicium.
Soviet Premier Yury Andropov died, 15 months after succeeding Leonid Brezhnev, and was replaced by Konstantin Chernenko.
The Battle of Guadalcanal ended with an Allied victory over Japan.
South African novelist, critic, and translator J.M. Coetzee, who won the 2003 Nobel Prize for Literature, was born.
Qianlong, the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, abdicated and was succeeded by Jiaqing.