Shimla, Aug 4, Keekli Bureau

This Day in History



The U.S. space probe Phoenix was launched, and a year later it landed on Mars. Among its most-important discoveries was the existence of water ice beneath the planet’s surface.


American baseball pitcher Roger Clemens—who was one of the most successful pitchers in history and the first to win the Cy Young Award seven times—was born in Dayton, Ohio.


The secret annex in Amsterdam where Anne Frank and seven others were hiding was discovered by the Gestapo; all were sent to concentration camps, with only Otto Frank surviving.


In response to the German invasion of Belgium, Great Britain entered World War I, declaring war on Germany.


Louis Armstrong, a prolifically gifted natural musician and the leading trumpeter in jazz history, was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.


Lizzie Borden’s parents were murdered in Fall River, Massachusetts.

Read about 10 “trials of the century,” including the case involving Lizzie Borden


Pope Leo XIII issued the encyclical Aeterni Patris, making Thomism the dominant philosophical viewpoint in Roman Catholicism.


U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton established the Revenue Marine Service, which became the U.S. Coast Guard.


The Portuguese armies of King Sebastian—who was allied with the deposed Moroccan sultan al-Mutawakkil—invaded Morocco but were defeated by the Saʿdī sultan ʿAbd al-Malik in the Battle of the Three Kings.

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