Shimla, Nov 7. Keekli Bureau

This Day in History


American Attorney and public official Janet Reno, who was the first female attorney general (1993–2001) of the United States, died at age 78.


American politician Hillary Clinton was elected to the U.S. Senate, becoming the first first lady to win elective office.


NASA launched Mars Global Surveyor, a robotic spacecraft designed to carry out a long-term study of the planet; contact with the spacecraft was lost in 2006.


American professional basketball player Magic Johnson announced that he was HIV-positive and was immediately retiring from the sport; he later played part of the 1995–96 season.


American politician Douglas Wilder was elected governor of Virginia, becoming the first African American to win a U.S. gubernatorial election.


American movie star Steve McQueen, known for his portrayal of macho loners in such films as The Great Escape (1963) and Bullitt (1968), died at age 50.


American lawyer and politician Carl Stokes was elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American to lead a major U.S. city.


After losing the governor’s election in California, American politician Richard Nixon gave what he called his “last press conference,” telling reporters that “you won’t have Nixon to kick around any more”; he was elected president six years later.


Eleanor Roosevelt—who was first lady of the United States and one of the world’s most widely admired and powerful women, known as a diplomat and a humanitarian—died in New York City at age 78.


Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Thomas E. Dewey and was elected to an unprecedented fourth term as president of the United States.


The Tacoma Narrows Bridge connecting the Olympic Peninsula with Tacoma, Washington, broke up in a wind of about 42 miles (67 km) per hour.


The October Revolution (named after the dates of this event in the Julian calendar), the last phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, ended as the Bolshevik Party seized power in Russia, inaugurating the Soviet regime.


Jeannette Rankin won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, becoming the first woman elected to Congress.


French author Albert Camus, who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957 for such classic works as The Stranger (1942), was born.


Abolitionist newspaper editor Elijah P. Lovejoy was murdered by a mob in Alton, Illinois, while defending his press building.


In the Battle of Tippecanoe, a seasoned U.S. expeditionary force under Major General William Henry Harrison defeated Shawnee Indians led by Tecumseh’s brother Laulewasikau (Tenskwatawa), known as the Prophet.

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