Shimla, Nov. 28 Keekli Bureau
Peter Jackson’s The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, the first in a series of movies based on J.R.R. Tolkien’s book, had its world premiere in New Zealand.
Queen Latifah released her debut album, All Hail the Queen, and its success helped redefine the traditionally male genre of rap.
American comedian and actor Jon Stewart, who hosted (1999–2015) the satiric television news program The Daily Show, was born.
Gridiron football player Ernie Davis of Syracuse University became the first African American to win the prestigious Heisman Trophy.
Mauritania declared its independence and left the French Community.
Lady Astor became the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons.
Albanian national delegates, led by Ismail Qemal, issued the Vlorë proclamation, which declared Albania’s independence.
French social anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, a leading exponent of structuralism, was born in Belgium.
Wilhelm Reiss became the first climber to reach the top of Cotopaxi, the world’s highest active volcano, in Ecuador.
German philosopher Friedrich Engels, coauthor with Karl Marx of The Communist Manifesto (1848), was born.
English engraver, artist, poet, and visionary William Blake, whose notable works included the poetry collections Songs of Innocence (1789) and Songs of Experience (1794), was born.
Female pirates Mary Read and Anne Bonny went on trial and were subsequently convicted and sentenced to death; their executions were postponed because both were pregnant, and Bonny was eventually freed, though Read died in prison.
Famed English poet and dramatist William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway.