Shimla, Jan. 25

This Day in History


American actress Mary Tyler Moore, who helped redefine the portrayal of women on TV with her roles in the comedies The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–66) and The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–77), died in Greenwich, Connecticut.


American architect Philip C. Johnson—who wielded great influence in American architectural design, playing a defining role in several 20th-century movements—died in Connecticut.


American criminal and cult leader Charles Manson and three of his followers were convicted of a series of notorious murders; their crimes inspired the best-selling book Helter Skelter (1974).


The animated film One Hundred and One Dalmatians was released in the United States, and it became a Disney classic, especially noted for the villainous character Cruella De Vil.


The first Emmy Awards were presented; there were only six categories, and nominated shows were limited to those that aired in the Los Angeles area.


British writer Virginia Woolf, who made an original contribution to the form of the novel and was one of the most-distinguished critics of her time, was born in London.


English author W. Somerset Maugham, best known for the novels Of Human Bondage (1915), The Moon and Sixpence (1919), Cakes and Ale (1930), and The Razor’s Edge (1944), was born.


Robert Burns, national poet of Scotland, was born in Alloway in Ayrshire.


Jesuit missionaries founded the city of São Paulo (now in Brazil) on the anniversary of the conversion of St. Paul.


Henry VIII, king of England, married his second wife, Anne Boleyn, in a secret ceremony.


A Roman archdeacon named John was elected antipope against the nobility’s candidate, Pope Sergius II.


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