American playwright and screenwriter Horton Foote—who evoked American life in beautifully observed minimal stories and was perhaps best known for his adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird—died in Connecticut.
Canadian jurist Bertha Wilson became the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada.
Government official Frances Perkins was sworn in as U.S. secretary of labour in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt; she was the first woman appointed to a cabinet post.
Gridiron football coach Knute Rockne—who, while at the University of Notre Dame, became the intercollegiate sport’s first true celebrity coach—was born in Voss, Norway.
Chicago was incorporated as a city, with a population of about 4,200.
Irish convicts rose up in the Castle Hill Rising, Australia’s first rebellion.
The U.S. Constitution went into effect as the governing law of the United States, the date having been established by Congress.
William Penn secured from King Charles II of England the colonial province of Pennsylvania in North America, hoping to provide a refuge in the New World for Quakers and other persecuted people and to build an ideal Christian commonwealth.
Italian composer and violinist Antonio Vivaldi, who left a decisive mark on the form of the concerto and the style of late Baroque instrumental music, was born.
King Henry VI of England was deposed by Yorkists and replaced by Edward IV.