Shimla, Oct. 15 Keekli Bureau

This Day in History


American investor and philanthropist Paul Allen, who cofounded Microsoft, died at age 65.


China became the third country to launch a crewed spaceflight; Shenzhou 5, which was piloted by Yang Liwei, orbited Earth 14 times during the 21-hour flight.


South Africans Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk were named the recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize “for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa.”


A military coup in Burkina Faso overthrew head of state Thomas Sankara, killing him and eight others.


President Cabdirashiid Cali Shermaʾarke (Abdirashid Ali Shermarke) of Somalia was assassinated.


Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party, the mission of which was to protect African Americans from police brutality; it later developed into a Marxist revolutionary group that, among other things, called for the arming of all African Americans and the release of Blacks from jail.


The first episode of I Love Lucy aired on American television; the comedy series—which starred Lucille Ball and her real-life husband, Desi Arnaz—became a classic.


The comedy classic The Great Dictator premiered in New York City; Charlie Chaplin’s biggest box-office success, it satirized Adolf Hitler and Nazism and condemned anti-Semitism.


Chinese communists began the Long March, the 6,000-mile (10,000-km) trek that resulted in the relocation of the communist revolutionary base from southeast China to northwest China and the emergence of Mao Zedong as the undisputed leader of the Chinese Communist Party.


Some four days after leaving Germany, the Graf Zeppelin landed in Lakehurst, New Jersey, completing its first transatlantic trip.


Classical scholar and philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, one of the most influential of all modern thinkers, was born in Prussia.


Encouraged by her uncle Leopold, Queen Victoria of England proposed to her cousin, Prince Albert.


Boso convoked the bishops of Provence and had them proclaim him their king.


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