After an unexpected victory over Democrat Hillary Clinton in the 2016 election, Republican Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States.
Amid a corruption scandal that sparked mass protests, Philippine President Joseph Estrada was ousted from office; in 2007 he was convicted of plundering but was later pardoned.
Belgian-born actress Audrey Hepburn—who created unforgettable film roles as the epitome of sophistication and glamour while paradoxically bewitching audiences and critics with her sprightly mannerisms and elfin charm—died in Switzerland.
The Iran hostage crisis ended when Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini released 52 Americans who had been held hostage for 15 months.
A nationwide strike in Great Britain’s postal system began.
Robinson Jeffers, one of the most controversial American poets of the 20th century, died.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy, in his inaugural address, said, “And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.”
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated for an unprecedented fourth term in office.
American astronaut Buzz Aldrin was born in Montclair, New Jersey.
The first official basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, by YMCA students of the game’s inventor, James A. Naismith.
U.S. President John Adams nominated John Marshall to be chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
British explorer James Cook landed at Waimea, on Kauai island, becoming the first European to visit Hawaii.