Shimla, Dec. 3
Gwendolyn Brooks, a Pulitzer Prize-winning poet who spoke of and to the everyday struggles and triumphs of African Americans, died in Chicago.
Christiaan Barnard of South Africa performed the first human heart transplant, at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town.
Tennessee Williams’s A Streetcar Named Desire premiered on Broadway, starring Jessica Tandy, Kim Hunter, and Marlon Brando; the latter two appeared in the 1951 film adaptation.
Anna Freud, a founder of child psychoanalysis and one of its foremost practitioners, was born in Vienna.
In a battle during the American Civil War, Federal troops ousted the Confederates from Salem, Missouri.
English writer Joseph Conrad, whose notable works included the novel Lord Jim (1900) and the novella Heart of Darkness (1902), was born.
After hastily constructing a fortification and barricading themselves inside, miners (“diggers”) working in the Eureka goldfield in Victoria, Australia, opened fire on government forces surrounding the stockade, the culmination of long-standing grievances on the part of the diggers.
Illinois was admitted as the 21st state of the United States of America.
German composer Johann Sebastian Bach married his second wife, Anna Magdalena Wilcken, the daughter of a trumpeter at Weissenfels.
St. Francis Xavier, the leading Roman Catholic missionary of modern times, died of fever off the coast of China.