Shimla, Dec. 4 Keekli Bureau

This Day in History

2000

Surinamese politician Henck Arron, who helped Suriname gain its independence (1975) from the Netherlands and served as prime minister (1973–80) until being overthrown by the military, died at age 64.

1996

The unmanned space vehicle Mars Pathfinder was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, in order to explore the surface of Mars.

1980

Several months after the death of drummer John Bonham, the British rock band Led Zeppelin announced that it was officially disbanding; the group later re-formed for short one-off performances on several occasions.

1970

American rapper and entrepreneur Jay-Z, one of the most influential figures in hip-hop in the 1990s and early 2000s, was born.

1949

Jeff Bridges—an American actor known for his laid-back personality and his versatility—was born.

1918

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson departed for France to attend the Paris Peace Conference, where, following the cessation of hostilities in World War I, the League of Nations was established and the Treaty of Versailles was drafted.

1909

The Grey Cup was first awarded, as the Toronto Varsity Blues defeated the Toronto Parkdale team in Canada’s amateur gridiron football championship game.

1892

General Francisco Franco, who led the Nationalist forces that overthrew the democratic Second Republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and subsequently was dictator of Spain until his death, was born.

1679

English philosopher and political theorist Thomas Hobbes, who was perhaps best known for his political philosophy, died at age 91.

1154

Adrian IV was elected pope, becoming the only Englishman to occupy the papal throne.

1093

St. Anselm of Canterbury was consecrated as archbishop.

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